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识别错误题(ISE)知识点精讲
作者:admin 2011-5-3 15:56 浏览(1639)
导读:识别错误题(ISE)知识点精讲 一、主谓一致 1. 就前原则 (1) N1 of N2 verb(SAT考试中动词的单复数与N1有关,与N2无关) 如: a group of students are the details of the problems are 例:The bright (A) fiberg ...

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识别错误题(ISE)知识点精讲 一、主谓一致 1. 就前原则 (1) N1 of N2 verb(SAT考试中动词的单复数与N1有关,与N2无关) 如: a group of students are the details of the problems are 例:The bright (A) fiberglass sculptures of Luis Jimenez has received (B) critical acclaim not only (C) in his home state, New Mexico, but also in (D) New York. No error (E). (P161.1) (2) 名词1+介词+名词2 如:students in the classroom 名词,插入语,verb 名词+doing/done 如:students studying hard 例:Flints found in (A) the region extending from the Nile Valley to (B) the highlands of eastern Iraq attests to (C) the presence of people there as long ago as (D) one hundred thousand years. No error (E). (P166.3) 2.“欲擒故纵”法 动词单复数做题基本原则是就前原则,如果句子太长、太难、太复杂时,用“欲擒故纵”法。 3.动词单复数的特殊固定用法 (1) a number of 一些;一般情况下其后动词用复数,(不受任何规律限制); the number of …的数量;其后的动词在任何情况下都用单数。 量词考点:a group/list/line of 使用“就前原则” (2) 倒装结构:就后原则。 如:here comes the bus a. 地点状语+动词+主语 b. Only置于句首的倒装 例:In the foothills of that large mountain range is (A) the sources of a river whose course (B) was not fully mapped (C) until (D) this century. No error (E). (P 776.19) 例:Air pollution caused by industrial fumes has been studied (A) for years, but (B) only recently has (C) the harmful effects of noise pollution become (D) known. No error (E). (P167.6) 4.名词 集合名词:family, group, stuff, team, community,只要这些词以单数结尾,后面的谓语动词都用单数。 people, cattle, police :其后的谓语动词用复数 以s结尾的词:means, species, news 以cs结尾的词:physics, mathematics,不表示复数,是单数。 以us结尾的词:octopus(章鱼), platypus(鸭嘴兽), -saurus(恐龙) 考点:名词的单复数 作业:P410.23、24,P472.22,P602.27,P721.24、26、29,P839.20、27,P894.16,P956.12,P776.12,P839.25,P957.19、28,P471.17,P534.18。 二、平行结构 (1)名词,名词,and 名词 例:Each time Caroline turns on her computer , she has (A) to enter a company code, then her initials, and then enters a password (B) before (C) she can begin working (D). No error (E). (P166.2) 例:Of the hundreds of warm-water coral species, only a few (A) are highly prized (B) for use in jewelry because of their (C) beauty, luster, and they are hard (D). No error (E). (P533.12) (2)两者之间的平行 如:not only…,but also… neither…,nor… either…,or… …and/but…. 例:The labor union is negotiating (A) a contract with the hospital that (B) will SATisfy (C) the demands of the workers and be acceptable to (D) all levels of management. No error (E). (P601.13) (3)句子的平行 考点:同类比较 特点:-er, more, than, as, like, unlike, compare to/with. 如: The population of China is larger than that of America. 所有格和所有格之间比较时,第二个所有格是不能省略的,需要补充that of/those of/’s。 作业:P601.13,P777.28,P599.3,P410.21、29,P602.20、22,P659.25,P660.27,P720.14、18。 三、形容词和副词 adj. + n. / pron. adv. + v. / adj. / adv. 如:I find the book easy. I find the book easily. 例:Although canoeing through (A) the rapids was exciting, it was (B) also exhausting, and we were happy for a time to have the canoe float serene (C) down (D) a smooth stretch of the river. No error (E). (P838.12) 笔记:serene 平静的;serenely 平静地 如:快速的发展中的国家rapidly developing country 例:The research study reveals (A) startling proof of a constant (B) changing seafloor that comprises (C) the major part of (D) the underwater landscape. No error (E). (P602.29) 例:Just how (A) critical an improved balance of trade is to (B) a healthy economy has never been (C) more clearer (D) than it is now. No error (E).(P659.18) 作业: P167.7,P192.14,P409.17,P660.29,P721.22,P894.13,P896.27,P957.23。 四、逻辑主语 (1)Doing/done … , SVO. 如:Beaten black and blue, Kitty is crying. Beating black and blue, Kitty is crying. 例:Contrasting with (A) most other (B) fifteenth- century rulers, Portuguese Kings could count on (C) the support of the aristocracy in any (D) overseas ventures. No error (E) 例:Raised in a large and noisy city, it was only when I went away to college that I realized how delightful life in a small town could be.(P955.11) (A) it was only when I went away to college that I realized how delightful life in a small town could be (B) when I went away to college I then realized how delightful life in a small town could be (C) going away to college made me realize how delightful life in a small town could be (D) I did not realize how delightful life in a small town could be until I went away to college (E) delightful life in a small town was unrealized by me until I went away to college 例:While working as a nurse in the streets of Calcutta, that was when Mother Teresa developed a profound love for the poor.(P892.1) (A) that was when Mother Teresa developed a profound love for the poor (B) Mother Teresa developed a profound love for the poor (C) then the development of Mother Teresa’s profound love for the poor took place (D) Mother Teresa’s profound love for the poor developed (E) a profound love for the poor developed in Mother Teresa 例:Having thought the problem through with some care, that the committee did not understand her solution frustrated the chairperson extremely.(P599.5) (A) that the committee did not understand her solution frustrated the chairperson extremely (B) the chairperson’s extremely frustration resulted from the committee not understanding her solution (C) the chairperson’s frustration at the committee’s failing to understand her solution was extreme (D) the chairperson was extremely frustrated by the committee’s failure to understand her solution (E) the committee’s failing to understand her solution was an extreme frustration to the chairperson while/when/by/on/through Doing/done … , SVO. 例:By simply entering an Internet website or calling a toll-free number, a catalog order can be placed for almost anything from cheesecakes to fully equipped desktop computers.(P616.12) (A) a catalog order can be placed (B) by placing a catalog order (C) they will place your catalog order (D) you can place a catalog order (E) your catalog order can be placed 例:Indicating their desire to extend free enterprise, Canadians elected a member of the Progressive Conservative Party, Kim Campbell, as Prime Minister in 1993. (P493.13) (A) Canadians elected a member of the Progressive Conservative Party, Kim Campbell, as Prime Minister (B) Canadians’ election of a member of the Progressive Conservative Party as Prime Minister was Kim Campbell (C) Kim Campbell of the Progressive Conservative Party was elected Prime Minister of Canada (D) the Progressive Conservative Party’s Kim Campbell was elected Prime Minister of Canadians (E) a member of the Progressive Conservative Party, Kim Campbell, was elected by Canadians as Prime Minister 例:Though now one of the most famous abstract artists, critics once ridiculed Jackson Pollock for his technique of splattering paint on canvases.(P532.8) (A) critics once ridiculed Jackson Pollock (B) critics once were ridiculing Jackson Pollock (C) Jackson Pollock once ridiculed by critics (D) Jackson Pollock was once ridiculed by critics (E) Jackson Pollock, having once been ridiculed by critics (2)SVO, doing/done …. S与分词 SVO doing/done …. O与分词 如:The boys are watching a galaxy of beauties passing by, slobbering. 例:During (A) my most recent (B) trip, I came across (C) a wonderful antique store wandering (D) in the old quarter of the city. No error (E). (P533.16) 作业:P955.5,P190.2,P534.21,P846.2。 五、代词 代词一定要确切地指明具体对象。 (1)单复数 例:The starling is such a (A) pest in rural areas that it has become (B) necessary to find ways (C) of controlling the growth of their (D) population. No error (E)(P167.8) 例:Contrasting with (A) most other (B) fifteenth- century rulers, Portuguese Kings could count on (C) the support of the aristocracy in any (D) overseas ventures. No error (E) (2)主格,宾格 主格:I,we,they 宾格:me,us,him,her 区别:做主格的一般出现在句首,做宾格的一般出现在动词、介词后。 宾语:动词宾语、介词宾语。 例:The report Alexander is discussing (A), a report prepared jointly by he (B) and the committee, does not take into account (C) the socioeconomic status of those interviewed (D). No error (E)(P602.21) 例:Apparently impressed with (A) our plans, the foundation awarded Carlos and I (B) a grant to establish (C) a network of community centers throughout (D) the city. No error (E) (P602.26) 例:For we (A) students, concern about impending (B) tuition hikes was even more acute than (C) apprehension about (D) final exams. No error (E) (P721.27) (3)one,you不能相互指代 one与he/she对应;ones与they对应 例:For people in (A) many ancient societies, work was only a means of (B) survival rather than (C) a way to improve your (D) standard of living. No error (E) (P838.19) (4)this划线 (5)which, who, whom, that 考点:which不能指代人,who, whom不能指代物。 例:Candy manufacturers applauded the discovery by (A) researchers that students which (B) smell chocolate while studying and again while taking (C) a test are able to (D) recall more material than students not exposed to the odor of chocolate. No error (E) (P894.15) 例:In a world that (A) the rate of technological and social change accelerates frighteningly (B) , change itself (C) often seems to be the only constant (D). No error (E) (P957.21) Where, in which的区别:介词+which的用法>where 作业:P410.26,P472.28,P534.20,P601.15,P602.28,P659.20,P660.28,P720.15,P721.20,P776.14,P777.23、25,P839.24、26,P957.26。 六、时态 (1)现在类 一般现在时,现在完成时,现在进行时,现在将来时。 (2)过去类 一般过去时,过去完成时,过去进行时,过去将来时。 例:Jerome often referred to (A) art history textbook while he (B) was sculpting; whenever he learned a new method in art class , he seeks out (C) the work of sculptors who had used it (D) in the past. No error (E)(P409.15) 例:Some of the workers who resent (A) the supervisor’s authority would probably (B) feel uncomfortable if (C) they were to acquire the independence that they demand (D) . No error (E)(P839.22) (3)不规则动词的过去分词 例:Although born in the Midwest, Langston Hughes lived most of his adult life in Harlem, in New York City, where (A), like (B) other writers in the 1930’s, he had wrote (C) some of his finest (D) works. No error (E)(P894.12) 作业:P409.15,P471.16,P534.24,P658.12,P720.13,P777.21,P838.16,P839.22,P894.20。 七、介词 (1)基础介词的搭配 (2)把介词的固定用法出得很长 (3)常考的点: 有能力去做—be able to have ability to be capable of doing preoccupation with 总结归纳: (1)动词划线:时态、单复数; (2)代词; (3)平行结构; (4)形容词和副词; (5)名词; (6)逻辑主语; (7)介词。 易错点:时态、固定用法、5E选项。 作业:OG上所有的挑错题,并且分类总结。

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