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SAT 阅读理解模拟试题(1)
作者:admin 2013-4-9 14:53 浏览(2560)
导读:阅读能力是SAT考试考查学生的主要内容,针对国内SAT考生的阅读水平,灵格斯SAT频道为各位考生整理了SAT阅读理解模拟试题(1),供考生们参考使用。SAT Reading Comprehension Test 110 mins - 7 questions ... ...



  SAT Reading Comprehension Test 1

  10 mins - 7 questions

  The extract is taken from a book written sixty years ago by a British scientist in which he considers the relationship between science and society.

  The pioneers of the teaching of science imagined that its

  introduction into education would remove the conventionality,

  artificiality, and backward-lookingness which were characteristic;

  of classical studies, but they were gravely disappointed. So, too, in

  5 their time had the humanists thought that the study of the classical

  authors in the original would banish at once the dull pedantry and

  superstition of mediaeval scholasticism. The professional

  schoolmaster was a match for both of them, and has almost

  managed to make the understanding of chemical reactions as dull

  10 and as dogmatic an affair as the reading of Virgil's Aeneid.

  The chief claim for the use of science in education is that it

  teaches a child something about the actual universe in which he is

  living, in making him acquainted with the results of scientific


  15 discovery, and at the same time teaches him how to think logically

  and inductively by studying scientific method. A certain limited

  success has been reached in the first of these aims, but practically

  none at all in the second. Those privileged members of the

  community who have been through a secondary or public school

  20 education may be expected to know something about the

  elementary physics and chemistry of a hundred years ago, but they

  probably know hardly more than any bright boy can pick up from

  an interest in wireless or scientific hobbies out of school hours.

  As to the learning of scientific method, the whole thing is palpably

  25 a farce. Actually, for the convenience of teachers and the

  requirements of the examination system, it is necessary that the

  pupils not only do not learn scientific method but learn precisely

  the reverse, that is, to believe exactly what they are told and to

  reproduce it when asked, whether it seems nonsense to them or

  30 not. The way in which educated people respond to such quackeries

  as spiritualism or astrology, not to say more dangerous ones such

  as racial theories or currency myths, shows that fifty years of

  education in the method of science in Britain or Germany has

  produced no visible effect whatever. The only way of learning the

  35 method of science is the long and bitter way of personal

  experience, and, until the educational or social systems are altered

  to make this possible, the best we can expect is the production of a

  minority of people who are able to acquire some of the techniques

  of science and a still smaller minority who are able to use and

  40 develop them.

  1. The author implies that the 'professional schoolmaster' (line 7) has

  A. no interest in teaching science

  B. thwarted attempts to enliven education

  C. aided true learning

  D. supported the humanists

  E. been a pioneer in both science and humanities.

  2. The author’s attitude to secondary and public school education in the sciences is

  A. ambivalent

  B. neutral

  C. supportive

  D. SATirical

  E. contemptuous

  3. The word ‘palpably’ (line 24) most nearly means

  A. empirically

  B. obviously

  C. tentatively

  D. markedly

  E. ridiculously

  4. The author blames all of the following for the failure to impart scientific method through the education system except

  A. poor teaching

  B. examination methods

  C. lack of direct experience

  D. the social and education systems

  E. lack of interest on the part of students

  5. If the author were to study current education in science to see how things have changed since he wrote the piece, he would probably be most interested in the answer to which of the following questions?


  A. Do students know more about the world about them?

  B. Do students spend more time in laboratories?

  C. Can students apply their knowledge logically?

  D. Have textbooks improved?

  E. Do they respect their teachers?

  6. Astrology (line 31) is mentioned as an example of

  A. a science that needs to be better understood

  B. a belief which no educated people hold

  C. something unsupportable to those who have absorbed the methods of science

  D. the gravest danger to society

  E. an acknowledged failure of science

  7. All of the following can be inferred from the text except

  A. at the time of writing, not all children received a secondary school education

  B. the author finds chemical reactions interesting

  C. science teaching has imparted some knowledge of facts to some children

  D. the author believes that many teachers are authoritarian

  E. it is relatively easy to learn scientific method.